What is Morphine and how is it used?
Morphine is a prescription medicine used to treat acute pain. Morphine may be used alone or with other medications.
Morphine belongs to a class of drugs called Opioid Analagesics.
What are the possible side effects of Morphine?
Morphine may cause serious side effects including:
- slow and shallow breathing,
- shortness of breath,
- daytime sleepiness,
- breathing that stops during sleep,
- breathing that stops,
- circulatory depression,
- low blood pressure,
- fast heart rate,
- fast breathing,
- anxiety, and
- increased thirst
Get medical help right away, if you have any of the symptoms listed above.
The most common side effects of Morphine include:
- feeling uneasy, and
- euphoric mood
Tell the doctor if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
These are not all the possible side effects of Morphine. For more information, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Each tablet contains the following inactive ingredients common to all strengths: cetostearyl alcohol, hydroxyethyl cellulose, hypromellose, magnesium stearate, polyethylene glycol, talc, and titanium dioxide.
The tablet strengths describe the amount of morphine per tablet as the pentahydrated sulfate salt (morphine sulfate).
The 15 mg tablets also contain: FD&C Blue No. 2, lactose monohydrate, polysorbate 80
The 30 mg tablets also contain: D&C Red No. 7, FD&C Blue No. 1, lactose monohydrate, polysorbate 80
The 60 mg tablets also contain: D&C Red No. 30, D&C Yellow No. 10, hydroxypropyl cellulose, lactose monohydrate
The 100 mg tablets also contain: black iron oxide
The 200 mg tablets also contain: D&C Yellow No. 10, FD&C Blue No. 1, hydroxypropyl cellulose
Morphine sulfate is an odorless, white, crystalline powder with a bitter taste. It has a solubility of 1 in 21 parts of water and 1 in 1000 parts of alcohol, but is practically insoluble in chloroform or ether. The octanol: water partition coefficient of morphine is 1.42 at physiologic pH and the pKb is 7.9 for the tertiary nitrogen (mostly ionized at pH 7.4). Its structural formula is: